Inquiry into Vexatious Litigants

Media Releases

Parliamentary Committee calls for new approach to vexatious litigants

From Mr Johan Scheffer MLC, Chair
4 December 2008

The Victorian Parliament’s Law Reform Committee today released a report calling for a new approach to vexatious litigants in Victoria’s justice system.

The Chair of the Committee Mr Johan Scheffer MLC said that, “access to the courts is an important part of Victoria’s democracy. But a minority of people repeatedly bring legal proceedings that have no merit. Sometimes they sue different people. Sometimes they sue the same people over the same issues again and again.”

“Victoria introduced specific laws to deal with vexatious litigants in 1928. The Supreme Court can make an order stopping a vexatious litigant from continuing or commencing legal proceedings without leave. This power has been used only 15 times in Victoria in the last 80 years.”

“Some other states and territories have reformed their vexatious litigant laws in recent years,” Mr Scheffer said. “Yet the Committee found there was very little available information about vexatious litigants, how many there are in Victoria’s justice system and why they start to behave this way.”

The Committee heard evidence from judges, magistrates, tribunal members, court staff, the legal profession, community legal groups, psychiatrists, government agencies, local councils, businesses and members of the community.

“Many participants told the Committee there are relatively few people who might be called vexatious litigants in Victoria, but they can have a significant financial and emotional impact on people they come into contact with,” Mr Scheffer said.

“The Committee found current laws have not always dealt with the problem effectively. They are seen as a drastic sanction of last resort reserved for the most extreme cases. They are rarely used and, even when they are used, they do not stop vexatious litigants in every case.”

The Committee made 32 recommendations aimed at preventing and managing vexatious litigants in the justice system where possible, and restricting access to the courts only in serious cases. They include:

  • development of case management strategies in courts and tribunals for dealing with vexatious litigants
  • more training and guidance for judges, magistrates, tribunal members, court staff and lawyers about how to deal with vexatious litigants
  • strengthening the courts’ powers to deal with vexatious legal proceedings on a case by case basis
  • a new flexible, graduated system of ‘litigation limitation orders’, similar to laws operating in the United Kingdom, which regulate litigants’ access to the courts according to the seriousness of their behaviour
  • more community information about the new laws
  • evaluation of the new laws after five years to assess their effectiveness and their impact on access to justice.

“The Committee has tried to strike a fair balance between democratic rights of access to the courts, and the need to protect the justice system and members of the community from repeated unmeritorious litigation,” Mr Scheffer said.

The Victorian Government has six months to table its response to the Committee’s recommendations in the Parliament.

A copy of the Committee’s report can be obtained from the Committee’s website http://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/lawreform or by contacting the Committee on 8682 2851.

For further information or comment contact Ms Kerryn Riseley, Executive Officer, Victorian Parliament Law Reform Committee: 8682 2850

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Parliamentary Committee Inquiry into Vexatious Litigants

From Mr Johan Scheffer MLC, Chair
28 April 2008

The Victorian Parliament's Law Reform Committee today called for public submissions to its inquiry into vexatious litigants.

The Chair of the Committee Mr Johan Scheffer MLC said that, “The right of people to go to court is important in a democratic society like Victoria, but some people appear to abuse this right.”

“ Victoria introduced laws to deal with vexatious litigants in 1928. The Supreme Court can declare a person a vexatious litigant if it is satisfied that the person has habitually, persistently and without any reasonable ground brought vexatious legal proceedings. The Court can make an order stopping the person from continuing or bringing legal proceedings unless they get leave first.”

“Only 14 people have been declared vexatious litigants in Victoria since the laws were introduced,” Mr Scheffer said.

“Some other states and territories have changed their laws in recent years so the Committee's inquiry is timely.”

“The Committee will be examining whether Victoria's current laws are effective in dealing with vexatious litigants, as well as with the effect of vexatious litigants on the justice system and the people and agencies they sue.”

“The Committee will also be looking at ways to enable the courts to perform their role more efficiently and effectively, while at the same time preserving the community's general right of access to Victoria's courts.”

The Committee has released an issues paper for public comment.

“The Committee wants to hear from people who have dealt with vexatious litigants, or have an interest in these issues,” Mr Scheffer said.

The closing date for submissions to the Committee is 27 June 2008 . The Committee is due to table its final report in the Parliament by 4 December 2008 .

A copy of the Committee's issues paper can be obtained from the Committee's website http://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/lawreform or by contacting the Committee on 8682 2851.

For further information or comment contact Ms Kerryn Riseley, Executive Officer, Victorian Parliament Law Reform Committee: (03) 8682 2850

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Last Updated on Monday, 01 November 2010